The teenage years can be a rollercoaster ride, often accompanied by various skin problems. To navigate this sensitive time, it’s important to follow some skin care tips specifically tailored for teenagers. Understanding what keeps your skin healthy and what triggers breakouts is key. While we can’t solve all of life’s problems, we can certainly help you master your skincare routine. So, let’s dive in!
Before we delve into the recommendations, it’s crucial to determine your skin type and create a plan accordingly. Let’s explore the different skin types to help you identify yours.
1. Normal Skin:
Normal skin has a soft texture, appearing smooth without blemishes or patches. The pores are tight, and the skin feels neither greasy nor dry. The water content and oil production are well balanced, with good blood flow to the skin. For normal skin, use a mild, non-alcohol cleanser to avoid over-drying.
2. Oily Skin:
Oily skin appears shiny and is prone to acne, pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. The pores are open, and there is an excess of sebum on the skin. Fluctuating hormone levels during the teenage years can exacerbate these issues. Stress, whether it’s exam stress or the stress before a date night, can also contribute to breakouts. To manage oily skin, cleanse your face twice a day using a pH-balanced BHA cleanser and water. Carry alcohol-free cleansing pads or skin blotting paper strips, and opt for non-comedogenic skin care products.
3. Dry Skin:
Dry skin is characterized by flakiness, a less smooth texture, dullness, and itchiness. It has invisible pores, and the outer layer of the skin sheds abnormally. External moisturization is crucial to maintain smoothness. If you have dry skin, avoid using soap to wash your face. Instead, opt for a mild, pH-balanced cleanser. Additionally, avoid hot showers and excessive washing or scrubbing.
4. Combination Skin:
Combination skin is a blend of different skin types. You may have an extremely oily T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin), while other parts of your face may be dry. Blackheads and open pores may be present, with rough and dry cheeks contrasting with sebum and natural oil on other areas. For combination skin, clean your face with Syndet soap and water. Use a moisturizer all over your face, choosing ceramide-based non-oily moisturizers.
Now that you’ve determined your skin type, let’s move on to the essential skin care tips.
1. Wash Your Face:
Start your day by washing your face to remove oil and sweat accumulated overnight. Avoid using soap; instead, opt for a mild cleanser. Gently cleanse your skin, avoiding aggressive rubbing that can irritate the skin and increase oil secretion.
Even problematic skin needs moisturization. Choose a light skin cream that suits your skin and addresses specific issues like acne or spots. If you prefer a matte finish, opt for the readily available matte finish moisturizers. When going out, you can use a tinted moisturizer.
These are just a few of the tips to get you started on your journey to healthier skin. Stay tuned for more recommendations on how to take care of your skin during this transformative period.
3. Say No to Powder on Your Face!
If you have oily skin that tends to get shiny throughout the day, applying layers of powder won’t solve the problem. In fact, it can clog your pores and make your skin appear uneven. Instead, opt for blotting papers or tissues to absorb excess oil and shine.
4. Steer Clear of Scrubs
Avoid using harsh scrubs, especially if you have sensitive or irritated skin. Even pore strippers can cause damage. So, how can you effectively get rid of blackheads? Follow a consistent cleansing routine and use a product containing 2% salicylic acid. It’s best to consult a dermatologist for recommendations, especially if you’re under 16 and always seek adult supervision.
5. Be Mindful of Makeup
Wearing a little bit of makeup is fine as long as you thoroughly cleanse your skin at the end of the day. Regularly clean your makeup brushes and skip heavy foundation, as it can be too much for delicate skin. Instead, opt for a tinted moisturizer that closely matches your skin tone. To find the right shade, swatch it on your jawline rather than your hand.
6. Resist the Temptation to Pop Pimples
It’s hard to resist the urge to pop pimples, but doing so can lead to permanent scarring. Instead, try applying diluted tea tree oil directly on the pimple or acne. This can help clear the infection and eliminate any remaining bacteria. Additionally, spot treatment creams can help soothe the skin and target breakouts.
7. Hydrate with Plenty of Water
Drinking an adequate amount of water keeps your skin hydrated and glowing. Start your day with a glass of cold or warm water and keep a water bottle with you throughout the day, especially when you’re at college. If plain water seems boring, add slices of lemon, cucumber, or grapefruit to infuse some flavor. Let it sit overnight and enjoy the refreshing twist the next day.
8. Hands Off Your Face
Avoid touching your face with unclean hands or anything else that may transfer bacteria. Use clean and dry towels to wipe your face and wash your makeup brushes weekly. Also, avoid sharing makeup products and accessories to prevent the spread of bacteria.
9. Check Your Diet
While acne and pimples are primarily hormone-related, maintaining a healthy diet can still benefit your skin’s overall health. Focus on consuming nutrient-rich foods that support your skin’s health. Additionally, pay attention to any potential food intolerances or sensitivities that may be contributing to skin issues. Dairy products are often associated with acne breakouts and eczema, so consider reducing or eliminating them from your diet. If you suspect other food allergies, it’s advisable to undergo an allergy test to identify any triggers.
10. Exfoliate Once A Week
Regular exfoliation helps remove dead skin cells and promotes a brighter complexion. Instead of using store-bought scrubs, opt for homemade exfoliators using natural ingredients. A simple mixture of sugar and honey can be used as a gentle scrub. For sensitive skin, try a blend of oatmeal, honey, and milk for a soothing exfoliating experience.
11. Use A Face Mask Or Face Pack Once In Every Two Weeks
Face masks offer various benefits, including removing impurities and moisturizing the skin. While you can purchase ready-made masks, it’s preferable to use natural ingredients. Apply the mask to your face, allow it to dry, and then gently wipe it off. You can find recipes for natural face packs that are easy to prepare at home.
12. Take Care Of Your Lips
Don’t forget to give your lips the attention they deserve. Avoid licking your lips as it can lead to dryness. Apply lip balm before going to bed to keep them moisturized. Additionally, your lips can benefit from gentle exfoliation. Apply some cream on a soft toothbrush, wet your lips, and gently scrub for about a minute. Rinse off the scrub and follow up with lip balm for added hydration.